Optimal Battery Sizing for Electric Truck Delivery

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Finding the cost-optimal battery size in the context of parcel delivery with Electric Vehicles (EVs) requires solving a tradeoff between using the largest possible battery (so as to maximize the number of deliveries over a given time) and the relative costs (initial investment plus the unnecessary increase of the truck weight during delivery). In this paper, we propose a framework for the optimal battery sizing for parcel delivery with an electric truck; we implement an electric truck simulator including a nonlinear battery model to evaluate revenue, battery cost, charging cost, and overall profit for annual delivery. Our framework finds the cost-optimal battery size for different parcel weight distributions and customer location distributions. We analyze the effect of battery sizing on the profit, which is up to 56%.
Publisher
MDPI
Issue Date
2020-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ENERGIES, v.13, no.3

ISSN
1996-1073
DOI
10.3390/en13030709
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/273982
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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