Formation of toroidal Li2O2 in non-aqueous Li-O-2 batteries with Mo2CTx MXene/CNT composite

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Due to the growing demand for high energy density devices, Li-O-2 batteries are considered as a next generation energy storage system. The battery performance is highly dependent on the Li2O2 morphology, which arises from formation pathways such as the surface growth and the solution growth models. Thus, controlling the formation pathway is important in designing cathode materials. Herein for the first time, we controlled the Li2O2 formation pathway by using Mo2CTx MXene on a catalyst support. The cathode was fabricated by mixing the positively charged CNT/CTAB solution with the negatively charged Mo2CTx solution. After introducing Mo2CTx, important battery performance metrics were considerably enhanced. More importantly, the discharge product analysis showed that the functional groups on the surface of Mo2CTx inhibit the adsorption of O-2 on the cathode surface, resulting in the formation of toroidal Li(2)O(2)via the solution growth model. It was supported by density functional theory (DFT) calculations that adsorption of O-2 on the Mo2CTx surface is implausible due to the large energy penalty for the O-2 adsorption. Therefore, the introduction of MXene with abundant functional groups to the cathode surface can provide a cathode design strategy and can be considered as a universal method in generating toroidal Li2O2 morphology.
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Issue Date
2019-12
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

RSC ADVANCES, v.9, no.70, pp.41120 - 41125

ISSN
2046-2069
DOI
10.1039/c9ra07699a
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/272623
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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