Gas-Permeable Inorganic Shell Improves the Coking Stability and Electrochemical Reactivity of Pt toward Methane Oxidation

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Solid oxide fuel cells produce electricity directly by oxidizing methane, which is the most attractive natural gas fuel, and metal nanocatalysts are a promising means of overcoming the poor catalytic activity of conventional ceramic electrodes. However, the lack of thermal and chemical stability of nanocatalysts is a major bottleneck in the effort to ensure the lifetime of metal-decorated electrodes for methane oxidation. Here, for the first time, this issue is addressed by encapsulating metal nanoparticles with gas-permeable inorganic shells. Pt particles approximately 10 nm in size are dispersed on the surface of a porous La0.75Sr0.25Cr0.5Mn0.5O3 (LSCM) electrode via wet infiltration and are then coated with an ultrathin Al2O3 layer via atomic layer deposition. The Al2O3 overcoat, despite being an insulator, significantly enhances the immunity to carbon coking and provides high activity for the electrochemical oxidation of methane, thereby reducing the reaction impedance of the Pt-decorated electrode by more than 2 orders of magnitude and making the electrode activity of the Pt-decorated sample at 650 degrees C comparable with those reported at 800 degrees C for pristine LSCM electrodes. These observations provide a new perspective on strategies to lower the operation temperature, which has long been a challenge related to hydrocarbon-fueled solid oxide fuel cells.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2020-01
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.12, no.4, pp.4405 - 4413

ISSN
1944-8244
DOI
10.1021/acsami.9b16410
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/272597
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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