Chips-on-a-plate device for monitoring cellular migration in a microchannel-based intestinal follicle-associated epithelium model

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This paper describes a chips-on-a-plate (COP) device for monitoring the migration of Raji cells in the Caco-2/Raji coculture. To generate a model of the human intestinal follicle-associated epithelium (FAE), the coculture method using a conventional Transwell cell culture insert was established. Due to the structural limitations of the Transwell insert, live-cell tracking studies have not been performed previously using the existing FAE model. In this study, we designed a COP device to conduct long-term live-cell tracking of Raji cell migration using a microchannel-based FAE model. The COP device incorporates microfluidic chips integrated on a standard well plate, consistent humidity control to allow live-cell microscopy for 2 days, and microchannels connecting the two cell culture chambers of the COP device, which serve as a monitoring area for cellular migration. Using the COP device, we provide the first analysis of various migratory characteristics of Raji cells, including their chemotactic index in the microchannel-based FAE model. We showed that the migration of Raji cells could be controlled by modulating the geometry of the connecting microchannels. Cellular treatments with cytokines revealed that the cytokines increased the permeability of an FAE model with a detachment of Caco-2 cells. Live-cell monitoring of Raji cells treated with a fluorescent reagent also indicated exocytosis as a key agent of the Caco-2/Raji interaction. The COP device allows live-cell tracking analyses of cocultured cells in the microchannel-based FAE model, providing a promising tool for investigating cellular behavior associated with the recruitment of Raji to Caco-2 cells. Published under license by AIP Publishing.
Publisher
AMER INST PHYSICS
Issue Date
2019-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

BIOMICROFLUIDICS, v.13, no.6

ISSN
1932-1058
DOI
10.1063/1.5128640
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/271594
Appears in Collection
BiS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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