Coherent power amplification of third-order harmonic femtosecond pulses at thin-film up-conversion nanoparticles

Cited 1 time in webofscience Cited 0 time in scopus
  • Hit : 62
  • Download : 0
Third harmonic generation (THG) is a nonlinear optical process attractive in high-resolution interfacial studies, sub-wavelength light manipulation, and bio-molecular detection due to its capability of converting low-energy quanta into a quantum of a higher energy. One of the limitations in utilizing THG is its low power conversion efficiency; thus, various THG enhancement methods have been researched by involving plasmonic coupling effects or utilizing electric band gap resonances at quantum dots or two-dimensional materials. Meanwhile, lanthanide ion-doped up-conversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) can be excited by a multi-photon process similar to THG, but its interaction or resonance with THG has not been studied to date. In this Communication, we demonstrate the first coherent amplification of third-order harmonic femtosecond pulses at multi-layered UCNP thin-film with an amplification factor of 7.8. This amplification is made by the resonance interaction of incident femtosecond laser field, generated third-order harmonics, and the electric band gaps of UCNPs. The power contribution of the third-order harmonic and the up-conversion luminescence (UCL) is strongly dependent on the sample geometry due to the reabsorption effect. For in-depth understanding of the emission characteristics, spectral-domain, time-domain, radio-frequency (RF) domain, and polarization-dependence analysis were addressed. This coherent amplification of third harmonic (TH) at UCNP thin-films enables us to attain higher power, shorter wavelength, and ultra-short femtosecond pulses generated from a simple thin-film structure near to the target samples, which will pave a way to an ultrafast short-wavelength laser platform for material characterization, sub-wavelength photonics, and biomolecular detection.
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2019-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.9, no.5094

ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
10.1038/s41598-019-41591-6
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/269915
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
There are no files associated with this item.
This item is cited by other documents in WoS
⊙ Detail Information in WoSⓡ Click to see webofscience_button
⊙ Cited 1 items in WoS Click to see citing articles in records_button

qr_code

  • mendeley

    citeulike


rss_1.0 rss_2.0 atom_1.0