Intermittent locomotion of a self-propelled plate

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Many fish and marine animals swim in a combination of active burst and passive coast phases, which is known as burst-and-coast swimming. The immersed boundary method was used to explore the intermittent locomotion of a three-dimensional self-propelled plate. The degree of intermittent locomotion can be defined in terms of the duty cycle (DC = Tb/Tf), which is the ratio of the interval of the burst phase (Tb) to the total flapping period (Tf = Tb + Tc), where Tc is the interval of the coast phase. The average cruising speed (ŪC), the input power (P⎯⎯⎯), and the swimming efficiency (η) were determined as a function of the duty cycle (DC). The maximum ŪC arises for DC = 0.9, whereas the maximum η arises for DC = 0.3. The hydrodynamics of the intermittent locomotion was analyzed by examining the superimposed configurations of the plate and the phase map. The characteristics of the flapping motions in the burst and coast phases are discussed. A modal analysis was performed to examine the role of the flapping motion in the propulsion mechanism. The velocity map and the vortical structures are visualized to characterize qualitatively and quantitatively the influence of intermittent locomotion on propulsion.
Publisher
AMER INST PHYSICS
Issue Date
2019-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

PHYSICS OF FLUIDS, v.31, no.11, pp.1111902

ISSN
1070-6631
DOI
10.1063/1.5126147
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/268892
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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