It is well known that the selection of a frequency for signal generation and data acquisition significantly affects the quality of ultrasonic or laser ultrasonic nondestructive testing (NDT) results, and the analog filter is essential to prevent the aliasing effect. This paper presents a systematic approach using a hierarchical inspection scheme for automatic inspection processes. A frequency band divider (FBD) with a single-input-multiple-output (SIMO) system was newly created to examine quickly various frequency ranges at single scanning using laser-based broadband excitation. The FBD was implemented into a pulse-echo ultrasonic propagation imaging (PE UPI) system capable of fully noncontact laser ultrasonic inspection. Only two scans are required to determine the optimal frequency range for unknown specimens. This tremendously reduces the number of scanning trials for the investigation of complete frequency ranges.