Polyelemental Nanolithography via Plasma Ion Bombardment: From Fabrication to Superior H-2 Sensing Application

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The development of complex nanostructures containing a homo- and heteromixture of two or more metals is a considerable challenge in nanotechnology. However, previous approaches are considerably limited to the number of combinations of metals depending on the compatibility of elements, and to the complex shape control of the nanostructure. In this study, a significant step is taken toward resolving these limitations via the utilization of a low-energy argon-ion bombardment. The multilayer films are etched and re-sputtered on the sidewall of the pre-pattern, which is a secondary sputtering phenomenon. In contrast to the precursor mixing method, most metallic combinations can be fabricated. The degree of mixing is tuned by the control of the sequence and thickness of multilayers. In addition, the feature shape and dimensions are controlled by changing the pre-pattern or by controlling the ion-beam angle. Using this method, the shortest response time (2 s to 1% H-2) in comparison with those of Pd-based H-2 sensors reported previously and a limit of detection below 1 parts per million (ppm) for Pd/Au and Pd/Pt bimetallic line arrays are achieved. This study is expected to realize a family of polyelements that can be used in various applications.
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Issue Date
2019-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ADVANCED MATERIALS, v.31, no.6

ISSN
0935-9648
DOI
10.1002/adma.201805343
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/268413
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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