Recently, quantum dots (QDs) have often garnered significant attention and have been employed for various applications. Nevertheless, most conventional devices utilize a glass substrate and/or brittle substrate, which is not compatible with next-generation wearable electronics. A suitable method for devising conductive and flexible free-standing platforms that can be combined with various kinds of QDs is thus in great need for next-generation wearable electronics. In this work, we introduce a universal and simple method to coat QDs on carbon nanofibers (CNFs) by a dip-coating process, where many kinds of QDs can be well decorated on the surface of CNFs. As one potential application among many, QD-coated CNFs were examined for their photocatalytic applications and characterization. As a result, it was found that the best performance of CdSe QD-coated CNFs for hydrogen production was 3.8 times higher than that of only QDs with the same 1 mg of QDs. This is an early report on fabricating various kinds of QD-coated CNFs, which can be extended to a myriad set of applications.