Tuning sodium nucleation and stripping by the mixed surface of carbon nanotube-sodium composite electrodes for improved reversibility

Cited 3 time in webofscience Cited 0 time in scopus
  • Hit : 89
  • Download : 0
Metallic sodium is regarded as a promising anode material for sodium rechargeable batteries. However, sodium dendrite growth and exhaustive electrolyte decomposition cause the poor reversibility of the sodium metal electrode. Here, we present that, by forming a mixed surface of carbon and sodium metal, the sodium electrodeposition mode and stripping mechanism can be tuned. In order to systematically investigate sodium plating/stripping behavior on a mixed surface of carbon and sodium, we fabricate a carbon nanotube-sodium composite electrode with a simple rolling and folding method. As the carbon nanotube content is increased, the overpotentials for sodium nucleation and pit-formation are remarkably reduced. Postmortem and chronoamperometry analysis elucidate that sodium and sodiated carbon nanotube have a different sodium nucleation mode, and sodium nucleation is preferred on the sodiated carbon nanotube surface with lower nucleation energy, inducing a more uniform sodium deposition. Furthermore, the embedded carbon nanotube appears to help sodium stripping by providing a channel for a more facile sodium ion transport. As a result, the carbon nanotube-sodium composite electrode exhibites a 5 times higher cycling stability. The tuning of the nucleation and stripping behaviors by forming a mixed surface can be a viable approach for enhancing the reversibility of metal electrode.
Publisher
ELSEVIER
Issue Date
2019-10
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, v.438

ISSN
0378-7753
DOI
10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.227005
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/268080
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
There are no files associated with this item.
This item is cited by other documents in WoS
⊙ Detail Information in WoSⓡ Click to see webofscience_button
⊙ Cited 3 items in WoS Click to see citing articles in records_button

qr_code

  • mendeley

    citeulike


rss_1.0 rss_2.0 atom_1.0