Early recognition of multi-user common intention based on multi-dimensional contexts in a smart space = 스마트 공간에서 다차원 컨텍스트 기반의 다중 사용자의 공통된 의도 조기 인지에 관한 연구

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As the smart space is extending from the smart home to the smart city, more and more users and IoT devices will be involved in the future smart space. To address this new challenge, we explored how we can utilize the abundant data from the space to enhance user convenience with spontaneous services. In many cases, a group of people enter a smart space to conduct some activities for their common intention. If the system can recognize the intention as earlier as possible, the system will be able to provide more appropriate and optimized services for users, e.g., presentation control service and smart environment auto-configuration for the intention of ‘have a meeting.’ As the initial endeavor, we set out to recognize the Multi-User Common Intention (MCI) even in its early stage. To recognize MCI as early and accurately as possible, it is necessary to obtain enough appropriate contexts to learn the MCI in the very early stage for the machine learning system. For that, we figured out and utilized Multi-Dimensional Contexts, such as User-Activity, Ambient Status, Social Relationship and Time-Zone contexts, which cover sufficient inter-relational information among users and devices in the early stage. To utilize the Multi-Dimensional Contexts, we devised a novel task model that prescribes the formal structure of input and output for the machine learning to determine the MCI. For intention recognition, we customized a long short-term memory (LSTM) model to deal with various time-series data and static data, which is called DSM-LSTM. We evaluated the proposed methodology of the Early Recognition of MCI, using IoT data from a real smart office testbed, and our experiments showed high accuracy (85-90%) of intention recognition in 2-3 minutes after users enter a space. Based on our extensive experiments and analyses, we found that multi-users’ Social Relationship context, such as the group diversity index, was the most significant factor in early recognition of the MCI. These results confirm that our system can support the early MCI recognition for many smart space services and applications.
Advisors
Lee, Youngheeresearcher이영희researcher
Description
전산학부,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2018
Identifier
325007
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 전산학부, 2018.8,[vi, 89 p. :]

Keywords

Pervasive computing▼aintention recognition▼amulti-user common intention(MCI)▼aLSTM▼adeep learning; 퍼베이시브 컴퓨팅▼a의도 인지▼a다중 사용자 공통 의도(MCI)▼aLSTM▼a딥 러닝

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/265347
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=828221&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CS-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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