Study of metal nanostructure array for near-UV structural color and near-IR hyperbolic metasurface = 근자외선 영역의 구조색과 근적외선 영역의 하이퍼볼릭 메타표면 구현을 위한 금속 나노구조 배열에 대한 연구

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This research contains a study to broaden the operating wavelength of structural color and hyperbolic metasurface to a near-ultraviolet range and near-infrared range, respectively. We first present near-ultraviolet structural color generation using aluminum nanodisk arrays. The plasmonic resonance of the aluminum nanodisk on a quartz substrate produces a vivid reflective structural color based on the strong backward scattering. As changing the diameter of the nanodisk and the period of the square lattice, the resonance wavelength (λres) in the reflectance spectrum gradually moves over the near-ultraviolet region. Even though the filling ratio and thickness of the nanodisk arrays are only ~11% and ~35 nm, a high reflectance value of ~35% on average can be achieved at the resonant condition. Typical full-width at half-maximum of the resonance peak is ~λres/5, which is narrow enough to generate vivid structural color. The numerical simulations employing the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method successfully reproduce the experimental results. We also demonstrated ultraviolet structural color pixels with different resonance wavelengths and examined their performances by measuring bright-field microscope images under various illumination conditions with different center wavelengths. Secondly, we present hyperbolic metasurface operating in broad wavelength from visible to near-infrared range using gold nanowire array. The transverse electric mode, the electric field of which is highly confined in the gap, exhibits a hyperbolic dispersion, because of the strong near-field coupling between individual gold nanowire modes. The modal properties and dispersion relations of the metasurface-supporting modes are calculated by the finite-element method (FEM). Using the FDTD method, we theoretically demonstrated that the hyperbolic metasurface on a silicon nitride slab waveguide supports the negative refraction for the transverse electric incidence. The correlation between the hyperbolic dispersion and negative refraction is successfully identified. The loss compensation of the hyperbolic dispersion mode by employing a gain medium is also examined.
Advisors
Seo, Min-Kyoresearcher서민교researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 :물리학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2019
Identifier
325007
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 물리학과, 2019.2,[x, 74 p. :]

Keywords

Plasmonics▼aaluminum▼agold▼astructural color▼ahyperbolic metamaterial; 플라즈모닉스▼a알루미늄▼a금▼a구조색▼a하이퍼볼릭 메타물질

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/264652
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=842036&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
PH-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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