A bipedal compliant walking model generates periodic gait cycles with realistic swing dynamics

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A simple spring mechanics model can capture the dynamics of the center of mass (CoM) during human walking, which is coordinated by multiple joints. This simple spring model, however, only describes the CoM during the stance phase, and the mechanics involved in the bipedality of the human gait are limited. In this study, a bipedal spring walking model was proposed to demonstrate the dynamics of bipedal walking, including swing dynamics followed by the step-to-step transition. The model consists of two springs with different stiffnesses and rest lengths representing the stance leg and swing leg. One end of each spring has a foot mass, and the other end is attached to the body mass. To induce a forward swing that matches the gait phase, a torsional hip joint spring was introduced at each leg. To reflect the active knee flexion for foot clearance, the rest length of the swing leg was set shorter than that of the stance leg, generating a discrete elastic restoring force. The number of model parameters was reduced by introducing dependencies among stiffness parameters. The proposed model generates periodic gaits with dynamics-driven step-to-step transitions and realistic swing dynamics. While preserving the mimicry of the CoM and ground reaction force (GRF) data at various gait speeds, the proposed model emulated the kinematics of the swing leg. This result implies that the dynamics of human walking generated by the actuations of multiple body segments is describable by a simple spring mechanics. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2019-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, v.91, pp.79 - 84

ISSN
0021-9290
DOI
10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.05.020
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/263681
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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