We report a fiber-optic plasmonic probe with nanogap-rich gold nanoislands for on-site surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). The plasmonic probe features nanogap-rich Au nanoislands on the top surface of a single multimode fiber. Au nanoislands were monolithically fabricated using repeated solid-state dewetting of thermally evaporated Au thin film. The plasmonic probe shows 7.8 x 10(6) in SERS enhancement factor and 100 nM in limit-of-detection for crystal violet under both the excitation of laser light and the collection of SERS signals through the optical fiber. The fiber-through measurement also demonstrates the label-free SERS detection of folic acid at micromolar level. The plasmonic probe can provide a tool for on-site and in vivo SERS applications. (C) The Authors. Published by SPIE under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License.