Directing Foldamer Self-Assembly with a Cyclopropanoyl Cap

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The rational design of self-assembling organic materials is extremely challenging due to the difficulty in precisely predicting solid-state architectures from first principles, especially if synthons are conformationally flexible. A tractable model system to study self-assembly was constructed by appending cyclopropanoyl caps to the N termini of helical alpha/beta-peptide foldamers, designed to form both N-H center dot center dot center dot O and C-alpha-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bonds, which then rapidly self-assembled to form foldectures (foldamer architectures). Through a combined analytical and computational investigation, cyclopropanoyl capping was observed to markedly enhance self-assembly in recalcitrant substrates and direct the formation of a single intermolecular N-H center dot center dot center dot O/C-alpha-H center dot center dot center dot O bonding motif in single crystals, regardless of peptide sequence or foldamer conformation. In contrast to previous studies, foldamer constituents of single crystals and foldectures assumed different secondary structures and different molecular packing modes, despite a conserved N-H center dot center dot center dot O/C-alpha-H center dot center dot center dot O bonding motif. DFT calculations validated the experimental results by showing that the N-H center dot center dot center dot O/C-alpha-H center dot center dot center dot O interaction created by the cap was sufficiently attractive to influence self-assembly. This versatile strategy to harness secondary non-covalent interactions in the rational design of self-assembling organic materials will allow for the exploration of new substrates and speed up the development of novel applications within this increasingly important class of materials.
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Issue Date
2019-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, v.25, no.9, pp.2226 - 2233

ISSN
0947-6539
DOI
10.1002/chem.201805783
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/254138
Appears in Collection
CH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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