Selective catalytic reduction of NOx in lean-burn engine exhaust over a Pt/V/MCM-41 catalyst

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The activities of Pt supported on various metal-substituted MCM-41 (V-, Ti-, Fe-, Al-, Ga-, La-, Co-, Mo-, Ce-, and Zr-MCM-41) and V-impregnated MCM-41 were investigated for the reduction of NO by C3H6. Among these catalysts, Pt supported on V-impregnated MCM-41 showed the best activity. The maximum conversion of NO into N-2 + N2O over this Pt/V/MCM-41 catalyst (Pt = 1 wt.%, V = 3.8 wt.%) was 73%, and this maximum conversion was sustained over a temperature range of 70degreesC from 270 to 340degreesC. The high activity of Pt/V/MCM-41 over a broad temperature range resulted from two additional reactions besides the reaction occurring on usual supported Pt, the reaction of NO with surface carbonaceous materials, and the reaction of NO occurring on support V-impregnated MCM-41. The former additional reaction showed an oscillation characteristic, a phenomenon in which the concentrations of parts of reactant and product gases oscillate continuously. At low temperature, some water vapor injected into the reactant gas mixture promoted the reaction occurring on usual supported Pt, whereas at high temperature, it suppressed the additional reaction related to carbonaceous materials. Five-hundred parts per million of SO2 added to the reactant gas mixture only slightly decreased the NO conversion of Pt/V/MCM-41. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Issue Date
2003-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

GROUP METAL-CATALYSTS; EXCESS OXYGEN; NITRIC-OXIDE; NITROGEN MONOXIDE; SUPPORTED PLATINUM; VANADIUM; HYDROCARBONS; OSCILLATIONS; MECHANISM; PT/AL2O3

Citation

APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL, v.44, no.4, pp.311 - 323

ISSN
0926-3373
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/250842
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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