Observing photonic de Broglie waves without the maximally-path-entangled vertical bar N, 0 > + vertical bar 0, N > state

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The photonic de Broglie wave, in which an ensemble of N identical photons with wavelength lambda reveals lambda/N interference fringes, has been known to be a unique feature exhibited by the photon-number-path-entangled vertical bar N, 0 > + vertical bar 0, N > state or the N00N state. Here, we report the observation of the photonic de Broglie wave for a pair of photons, generated by spontaneous parametric down-conversion, that are not photon-number-path entangled. We also show that the photonic de Broglie wave can even be observed for a pair of photons that are completely separable (i.e., no entanglement in all degrees of freedom) and distinguishable. The experimental and theoretical results suggest that the photonic de Broglie wave is, in fact, not related to the entanglement of the photons, rather it is related to the indistinguishable pathways established by the measurement scheme. The phase sensitivity surpassing the standard quantum limit, however, is shown to be closely related to the N00N state.
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Issue Date
2010-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

INTERFERENCE; STATE; WAVELENGTH; LIMIT

Citation

PHYSICAL REVIEW A, v.81, no.6

ISSN
1050-2947
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevA.81.063801
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/247198
Appears in Collection
PH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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