Observation of detection-dependent multi-photon coherence times

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The coherence time constitutes one of the most critical parameters that determines whether or not interference is observed in an experiment. For photons, it is traditionally determined by the effective spectral bandwidth of the photon. Here we report on multi-photon interference experiments in which the multi-photon coherence time, defined by the width of the interference signal, depends on the number of interfering photons and on the measurement scheme chosen to detect the particles. A theoretical analysis reveals that all multi-photon interferences with more than two particles feature this dependence, which can be attributed to higher-order effects in the mutual indistinguishability of the particles. As a striking consequence, a single, well-defined many-particle quantum state can exhibit qualitatively different degrees of interference, depending on the chosen observable. Therefore, optimal sensitivity in many-particle quantum interferometry can only be achieved by choosing a suitable detection scheme.
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2013-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

PARAMETRIC DOWN-CONVERSION; 2-PHOTON INTERFERENCE; 2 PHOTONS; MULTIPARTICLE INTERFERENCE; QUANTUM INTERFERENCE; BEAM SPLITTER; ENTANGLEMENT; STATE

Citation

NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v.4

ISSN
2041-1723
DOI
10.1038/ncomms3451
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/247191
Appears in Collection
PH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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