Numerical and experimental studies of cryogenic reciprocating expander without inner piston

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It is difficult to fabricate and maintain moving parts of expander at cryogenic temperature. This paper describes numerical analysis and experimental investigation on a cryogenic reciprocating expander without moving piston. An intake valve which takes high-pressure gas, and an exhaust valve which discharges low-pressure gas, are connected to a tube. The inside pressure of the tube is pulsated for work production. This geometric configuration is similar to that of pulse tube refrigerator but without regenerator. An orifice valve and a reservoir are installed to control the phase of the mass flow and the pressure. At the warm end, a heat exchanger rejects the heat which is converted from the produced work of the expanded gas. For the numerical analysis, mass conservation, energy conservation, and local mass function for valves are used as the governing equations. Before performing cryogenic experiments, we carried out the expander test at room temperature and compared the performance results with the numerical results. For cryogenic experiments, the gas is pre-cooled by liquid nitrogen, and then it enters the pulse tube expander. The experiments are controlled by the opening of the orifice valve. Numerical analysis also found the expander conditions that optimize the expander performance by changing the intake pressure and valve timing as well as the opening of the orifice valve. This paper discusses the experimental data and the numerical analysis results to understand the fundamental behavior of such a newly developed non-mechanical expander and elucidate its potential feature for cryogenic application.
Publisher
KOREA INST APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY & CRYOGENICS
Issue Date
2018-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

PROGRESS IN SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND CRYOGENICS, v.20, no.3, pp.21 - 27

ISSN
1229-3008
DOI
10.9714/psac.2018.19.3.021
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/246145
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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