Effects of NH4F and distilled water on structure of pores in TiO2 nanotube arrays

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In this study, we report the influences of distilled water and ammonium fluoride (NH4F) on morphology of pores in honeycomb-like titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotube arrays. We observed the structure and arrangement of pores in the TiO2 nanotube arrays based on scanning electron microscopy images and analyzed the spatial distribution of the pores using fast Fourier transform and Voronoi diagram. We studied the individual pore properties including pore diameter, wall thickness, and interpore distance and found that locally connected ordering defects decreased with increasing distilled water concentration. Furthermore, we found that the optimum conditions of well-ordered hexagonal pore arrangement were 2 and 10 vol% distilled water with 0.2 and 0.4 wt% NH4F, respectively. Throughout this study, we provide a better understanding about the roles of distilled water and NH4F in forming well-ordered nanoscale pore structure with less ordering defects in the honeycomb-like TiO2 nanotube arrays.
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2018-08
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.8

ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
10.1038/s41598-018-30668-3
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/245674
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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