Diels−Alder and Stille Coupling Approach for the Short Protecting-Group-Free Synthesis of Mycophenolic Acid, Its Phenylsulfenyl and Phenylselenyl Analogues, and Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) Probing Capacity in Water
A short, protecting-group-free synthesis is achieved. The synthesis is step-efficient and general. A Diels–Alder and Stille cross-coupling approach includes key transformations, allowing for a competitive synthesis which involves a rare halophenol Stille cross-coupling study. The phenylselenyl and phenylsulfenyl analogues were prepared as novel compounds in good overall yield. The applicability of one of the intermediates as a potential probe for reactive oxygen species (ROS) in water is investigated.