Design of distributed JT (Joule-Thomson) effect heat exchanger for superfluid 2 K cooling device

Cited 0 time in webofscience Cited 0 time in scopus
  • Hit : 157
  • Download : 0
Superfluid at 2 K or below is readily obtained from liquid helium at 4.2 K by reducing its vapour pressure. For better cooling performance, however, the cold energy of vaporized helium at 2 K chamber can be effectively utilized in a recuperator which is specially designed in this paper for accomplishing so-called the distributed Joule-Thomson (JT) expansion effect. This paper describes the design methodology of distributed JT effect heat exchanger for 2 K JT cooling device. The newly developed heat exchanger allows continuous significant pressure drop at high-pressure part of the recuperative heat exchanger by using a capillary tube. Being different from conventional recuperative heat exchangers, the efficient JT effect HX must consider the pressure drop effect as well as the heat transfer characteristic. The heat exchanger for the distributed JT effect actively utilizes continuous pressure loss at the hot stream of the heat exchanger by using an OD of 0.64 mm and an ID of 0.4 mm capillary tube. The analysis is performed by dividing the heat exchanger into the multiple sub-units of the heat exchange part and JT valve. For more accurate estimation of the pressure drop of spirally wound capillary tube, preliminary experiments are carried out to investigate the friction factor at high Reynolds number. By using the developed pressure drop correlation and the heat transfer correlation, the specification of the heat exchanger with distributed JT effect for 2 K JT refrigerator is determined. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
Publisher
INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING
Issue Date
2018-04
Language
English
Citation

JOURNAL OF PHYSICS: CONFERENCE SERIES, v.969, no.1

ISSN
1742-6588
DOI
10.1088/1742-6596/969/1/012084
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/244697
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
There are no files associated with this item.

qr_code

  • mendeley

    citeulike


rss_1.0 rss_2.0 atom_1.0