Kinematics of lower limbs during walking are emulated by springy walking model with a compliantly connected, off-centered curvy foot

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The dynamics of the center of mass (CoM) during walking and running at various gait conditions are well described by the mechanics of a simple passive spring loaded inverted pendulum (SLIP). Due to its simplicity, however, the current form of the SLIP model is limited at providing any further information about multi-segmental lower limbs that generate oscillatory CoM behaviors and their corresponding ground reaction forces. Considering that the dynamics of the CoM are simply achieved by mass-spring mechanics, we wondered whether any of the multi-joint motions could be demonstrated by simple mechanics. In this study, we expand a SLIP model of human locomotion with an off-centered curvy foot connected to the leg by a springy segment that emulates the asymmetric kinematics and kinetics of the ankle joint. The passive dynamics of the proposed expansion of the SLIP model demonstrated the empirical data of ground reaction forces, center of mass trajectories, ankle joint kinematics and corresponding ankle joint torque at various gait speeds. From the mechanically simulated trajectories of the ankle joint and CoM, the motion of lower-limb segments, such as thigh and shank angles, could be estimated from inverse kinematics. The estimation of lower limb kinematics showed a qualitative match with empirical data of walking at various speeds. The representability of passive compliant mechanics for the kinetics of the CoM and ankle joint and lower limb joint kinematics implies that the coordination of multi-joint lower limbs during gait can be understood with a mechanical framework. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2018-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

GAIT MECHANICS; DYNAMICS; ANKLE; SHAPE; OPTIMIZATION; PROSTHESIS; LOCOMOTION; BEHAVIOR; DESIGN; SPEED

Citation

JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, v.71, pp.119 - 126

ISSN
0021-9290
DOI
10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.01.031
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/242266
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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