Experimental research and numerical simulation on cryogenic line chill-down process

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The empirical heat transfer correlations are suggested for the fast cool down process of the cryogenic transfer line from room temperature to cryogenic temperature. The correlations include the heat transfer coefficient (HTC) correlations for single-phase gas convection and film boiling regimes, minimum heat flux (MHF) temperature, critical heat flux (CHF) temperature and CHF. The correlations are obtained from the experimental measurements. The experiments are conducted on a 12.7 mm outer diameter (OD), 1.25 mm wall thickness and 7 m long stainless steel horizontal pipe with liquid nitrogen (LN2). The effect of the lengthwise position is verified by measuring the temperature profiles in near the inlet and the outlet of the transfer line. The newly suggested heat transfer correlations are applied to the one-dimensional homogeneous transient model to simulate the cryogenic line chill-down process, and the chill-down time and the cryogen consumption are well predicted in the mass flux range from 26.0 kg/m2s to 73.6 kg/m2s through the correlations.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2018-01
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

CRITICAL HEAT-FLUX; LIQUID-NITROGEN; FLOW

Citation

CRYOGENICS, v.89, pp.42 - 52

ISSN
0011-2275
DOI
10.1016/j.cryogenics.2017.11.003
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/240639
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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