PurposeTo develop a new non-contrast-enhanced peripheral MR angiography that provides a high contrast angiogram without using electrocardiography triggering and saturation radiofrequency pulses. MethodsA velocity-selective excitation technique is used in conjunction with the golden-angle radial sampling scheme. The signal amplitude varies according to the velocity of the flow by the velocity-selective excitation technique. Because the arterial blood velocity varies depending on the cardiac phase, the acquired data can be classified into systolic and diastolic phase based on the signal amplitude of the artery. Two images are then reconstructed from the systolic and diastolic phase data, respectively, and an image reflecting the differences between the two images is obtained to eliminate background and vein signals. The performance of the proposed method was compared with the quiescent-interval single shot (QISS) in eight healthy subjects and an elderly subject. ResultsThe proposed method generated fewer residual venous and background signals than the QISS. Furthermore, the maximum intensity projection images, the relative contrast, and the apparent contrast-to-noise ratio results showed that the proposed method produced a better contrast than the QISS. ConclusionsThe proposed non-contrast-enhanced peripheral MR angiography technique can provide a high contrast angiogram without the use of electrocardiography triggering and saturation radiofrequency pulses. Magn Reson Med 79:779-788, 2018. (c) 2017 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.