Capacity of optical communications over a lossy bosonic channel with a receiver employing the most general coherent electro-optic feedback control

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We study the problem of designing optical receivers to discriminate between multiple coherent states using coherent processing receivers-i.e., one that uses arbitrary coherent feedback control and quantum-noise-limited direct detection-which was shown by Dolinar to achieve the minimum error probability in discriminating any two coherent states. We first derive and reinterpret Dolinar's binary-hypothesis minimum-probability-of-error receiver as the one that optimizes the information efficiency at each time instant, based on recursive Bayesian updates within the receiver. Using this viewpoint, we propose a natural generalization of Dolinar's receiver design to discriminateM coherent states, each of which could now be a codeword, i.e., a sequence of N coherent states, each drawn from a modulation alphabet. We analyze the channel capacity of the pure-loss optical channel with a general coherent-processing receiver in the low-photon number regime and compare it with the capacity achievable with direct detection and theHolevo limit (achieving the latterwould require a quantum joint-detection receiver). We show compelling evidence that despite the optimal performance of Dolinar's receiver for the binary coherent-state hypothesis test (either in error probability or mutual information), the asymptotic communication rate achievable by such a coherent-processing receiver is only as good as direct detection. This suggests that in the infinitely long codeword limit, all potential benefits of coherent processing at the receiver can be obtained by designing a good code and direct detection, with no feedback within the receiver.
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Issue Date
2017-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

POISSON CHANNEL; REGIME; EFFICIENCY; STATES

Citation

PHYSICAL REVIEW A, v.96, no.1

ISSN
2469-9926
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevA.96.012320
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/225224
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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