Formation of a Surficial Bifunctional Nanolayer on Nb2O5 for Ultrastable Electrodes for Lithium-Ion Battery

Cited 51 time in webofscience Cited 0 time in scopus
  • Hit : 385
  • Download : 0
Safe and long cycle life electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries are significantly important to meet the increasing demands of rechargeable batteries. Niobium pentoxide (Nb2O5) is one of the highly promising candidates for stable electrodes due to its safety and minimal volume expansion. Nevertheless, pulverization and low conductivity of Nb2O5 have remained as inherent challenges for its practical use as viable electrodes. A highly facile method is proposed to improve the overall cycle retention of Nb2O5 microparticles by ammonia (NH3) gas-driven nitridation. After nitridation, an ultrathin surficial layer (2 nm) is formed on the Nb2O5, acting as a bifunctional nanolayer that allows facile lithium (Li)-ion transport (10-100 times higher Li diffusivity compared with pristine Nb2O5 microparticles) and further prevents the pulverization of Nb2O5. With the subsequent decoration of silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs), the low electric conductivity of nitridated Nb2O5 is also significantly improved. Cycle retention is greatly improved for nitridated Nb2O5 (96.7%) compared with Nb2O5 (64.7%) for 500 cycles. Ag-decorated, nitridated Nb2O5 microparticles and nitridated Nb2O5 microparticles exhibit ultrastable cycling for 3000 cycles at high current density (3000 mA g(-1)), which highlights the importance of the surficial nanolayer in improving overall electrochemical performances, in addition to conductive NPs.
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Issue Date
2017-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY-STORAGE; HIGH-PERFORMANCE; FACILE; INTERCALATION; TIO2; NANOCOMPOSITES; IMPROVE; LI+

Citation

SMALL, v.13, no.19

ISSN
1613-6810
DOI
10.1002/smll.201603610
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/224083
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
There are no files associated with this item.
This item is cited by other documents in WoS
⊙ Detail Information in WoSⓡ Click to see webofscience_button
⊙ Cited 51 items in WoS Click to see citing articles in records_button

qr_code

  • mendeley

    citeulike


rss_1.0 rss_2.0 atom_1.0