Although the internet is useful for transferring information, Internet auction environments make fraud more attractive to of offenders because the chance of detection and punishment are decreased. One of fraud is phantom transaction which is a colluding transaction by the buyer and seller to commit illegal discounting of credit card. They pretend to fulfillthe transaction paid by credit card, without actual selling products, and the seller receives cash from credit card corporations. Then seller lends it out buyer with quite high interest rate whose credit score is so bad that he cannot borrow money from anywhere. The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate the factors to detect of the phantom transaction in online auction. Based up on the studies that explored behaviors of buyers and sellers in onlin auction, bidding numbers, bid increments, sellers' credit, auction length, and starting bids were suggested as independent variables. We developed an Internet-based data collection software agent and collect data on transactions of notebook computers each of which winning bid was over 1,000,000 won. Data analysis with logistic regression model revealed that starting bids, sellers' credit, and auction length were significant in detecting the phantom transaction.