Screening for Escherichia coli K-12 genes conferring glyoxal resistance or sensitivity by transposon insertions

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Glyoxal (GO) belongs to the reactive electrophilic species generated in vivo in all organisms. In order to identify targets of GO and their response mechanisms, we attempted to screen for GO-sensitive mutants by random insertions of TnphoA-132. The genes responsible for GO susceptibility were functionally classified as the following: (i) tRNA modification; trmE, gidA and truA, (ii) DNA repair; recA and recC, (iii) toxin-antitoxin; mqsA and (iv) redox metabolism; yqhD and caiC. In addition, an insertion in the crp gene, encoding the cAMP responsive transcription factor, exhibits a GO-resistant phenotype, which is consistent with the phenotype of adenylate cyclase (cya) mutant showing GO resistance. This suggests that global regulation involving cAMP is operated in a stress response to GO. To further characterize the CRP-regulated genes directly associated with GO resistance, we created double mutants deficient in both crp and one of the candidate genes including yqhD, gloA and sodB. The results indicate that these genes are negatively regulated by CRP as confirmed by real-time RT-PCR. We propose that tRNA as well as DNA are the targets of GO and that toxin/antitoxin, antioxidant and cAMP are involved in cellular response to GO.
Publisher
OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Issue Date
2016-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

ALDO-KETO REDUCTASES; CARNITINE METABOLISM; METHYLGLYOXAL; IDENTIFICATION; TRANSCRIPTION; LOCALIZATION; ACTIVATION; GLYCATION; PROTEINS; MUTANTS

Citation

FEMS MICROBIOLOGY LETTERS, v.363, no.18

ISSN
0378-1097
DOI
10.1093/femsle/fnw199
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/219668
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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