Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide on Unsaturated Metal Sites in M-2(dobpdc) Frameworks with Exceptional Structural Stability and Relation between Lewis Acidity and Adsorption Enthalpy

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A series of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) M-2(dobpdc) (M=Mn, Co, Ni, Zn; H(4)dobpdc=4,4'-dihydroxy1,1'-biphenyl-3,3'-dicarboxylic acid), with a highly dense arrangement of open metal sites along hexagonal channels were prepared by microwave-assisted or simple solvothermal reactions. The activated materials were structurally expanded when guest molecules including CO2 were introduced into the pores. The Lewis acidity of the open metal sites varied in the order Mn < Co < Ni > Zn, as confirmed by C=O stretching bands in the IR spectra, which are related to the CO2 adsorption enthalpy. DFT calculations revealed that the high CO2 binding affinity of transition-metal-based M-2(dobpdc) is primarily attributable to the favorable charge transfer from CO2 (oxygen lone pair acting as a Lewis base) to the open metal sites (Lewis acid), while electrostatic effects, the underlying factor responsible for the particular order of binding strength observed across different transition metals, also play a role. The framework stability against water coincides with the order of Lewis acidity. In this series of MOFs, the structural stability of Ni-2(dobpdc) is exceptional; it endured in water vapor, liquid water, and in refluxing water for one month, and the solid remained intact on exposure to solutions of pH 2-13. The DFT calculations also support the experimental finding that Ni-2(dobpdc) has higher chemical stability than the other frameworks
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Issue Date
2016-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

ORGANIC FRAMEWORKS; CO2 ADSORPTION; FLUE-GAS; COORDINATION POLYMER; CAPTURE; SUBSTITUTION; SEPARATIONS; MECHANISM; OXIDATION; PACKAGE

Citation

CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, v.22, no.22, pp.7444 - 7451

ISSN
0947-6539
DOI
10.1002/chem.201600189
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/212575
Appears in Collection
EEW-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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