Task-dependent response conflict monitoring and cognitive control in anterior cingulate and dorsolateral prefrontal cortices

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Previous experience affects our behavior in terms of adjustments. It has been suggested that the conflict monitor-controller system implemented in the prefrontal cortex plays a critical role in such adjustments. Previous studies suggested that there exists multiple conflict monitor-controller systems associated with the level of information (i.e., stimulus and response levels). In this study, we sought to test whether different types of conflicts occur at the same information processing level (i.e., response level) are independently processed. For this purpose, we designed a task paradigm to measure two different types of response conflicts using color-based and location-based conflict stimuli and measured the conflict adaptation effects associated with the two types of conflicts either independently (i.e., single conflict conditions) or simultaneously (i.e., a double-conflict condition). The behavioral results demonstrated that performance on current incongruent trials was faster only when the preceding trial was the same type of response conflict regardless of whether they included a single- or double-conflict. Imaging data also showed that anterior cingulate and dorsolateral prefrontal cortices operate in a task-specific manner. These findings suggest that there may be multiple monitor-controller loops for color-based and location-based conflicts even at the same response level. Importantly, our results suggest that double-conflict processing is qualitatively different from single-conflict processing although double-conflict shares the same sources of conflict with two single-conflict conditions.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Issue Date
2013-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

CONTROL MECHANISMS; HUMAN BRAIN; CORTEX; INTERFERENCE; ACTIVATION

Citation

BRAIN RESEARCH, v.1537, pp.216 - 223

ISSN
0006-8993
DOI
10.1016/j.brainres.2013.08.055
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/212185
Appears in Collection
HSS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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