A springy pendulum could describe the swing leg kinetics of human walking

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The dynamics of human walking during various walking conditions could be qualitatively captured by the springy legged dynamics, which have been used as a theoretical framework for bipedal robotics applications. However, the spring-loaded inverted pendulum model describes the motion of the center of mass (CoM), which combines the torso, swing and stance legs together and does not explicitly inform us as to whether the inter-limb dynamics share the springy legged dynamics characteristics of the CoM. In this study, we examined whether the swing leg dynamics could also be represented by springy mechanics and whether the swing leg stiffness shows a dependence on gait speed, as has been observed in CoM mechanics during walking. The swing leg was modeled as a spring-loaded pendulum hinged at the hip joint, which is under forward motion. The model parameters of the loaded mass were adopted from body parameters and anthropometric tables, whereas the free model parameters for the rest length of the spring and its stiffness were estimated to best match the data for the swing leg joint forces. The joint forces of the swing leg were well represented by the springy pendulum model at various walking speeds with a regression coefficient of R-2 > 0.8. The swing leg stiffness increased with walking speed and was correlated with the swing frequency, which is consistent with previous observations from CoM dynamics described using the compliant leg. These results suggest that the swing leg also shares the springy dynamics, and the compliant walking model could be extended to better present swing leg dynamics. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2016-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

GAIT MECHANICS; BIPED ROBOT; DYNAMICS; MODEL; LOCOMOTION; STABILITY; EFFICIENT; STIFFNESS; BEHAVIOR; SPEED

Citation

JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, v.49, no.9, pp.1504 - 1509

ISSN
0021-9290
DOI
10.1016/j.jbiomech.2016.03.018
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/210005
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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