Layout optimization for maximizing wind farm power production using sequential convex programming

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This paper describes an efficient method for optimizing the placement of wind turbines to maximize the expected wind farm power. In a wind farm, the energy production of the downstream wind turbines decreases due to reduced wind speed and increased level of turbulence caused by the wakes formed by the upstream wind turbines. As a result, the wake interference among wind turbines lower the overall power efficiency of the wind farm. To improve the overall efficiency of a wind farm, researchers have studied the wind farm layout optimization problem to find the placement locations of wind turbines that maximize the expected wind farm power. Most studies on wind farm layout optimization employ heuristic search-based optimization algorithms. In spite of their simplicity, optimization algorithms based on heuristic search are computationally expensive and have limitation in optimizing the locations of a large number of wind turbines since the computational time for the search tends to increase exponentially with increasing number of wind turbines. This study employs a mathematical optimization scheme to efficiently and effectively optimize the locations of a large number of wind turbines with respect to maximizing the wind farm power production. To formulate the mathematical optimization problem, we derive a continuous wake model and express the expected wind farm power as a continuous and smooth function in terms of the locations of the wind turbines. The constructed wind farm power function is then maximized using sequential convex programming (SCP) for the nonlinear mathematical problem. We show how SCP can be used to evaluate the efficiency of an existing wind farm and to optimize a wind farm layout consisting of 80 wind turbines. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2015-08
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

GENETIC ALGORITHM; TURBINES; PLACEMENT; DESIGN

Citation

APPLIED ENERGY, v.151, pp.320 - 334

ISSN
0306-2619
DOI
10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.03.139
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/208694
Appears in Collection
IE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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