An accelerated miRNA-based screen implicates Atf-3 in Drosophila odorant receptor expression

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The Drosophila olfactory system is highly stereotyped in form and function; olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) expressing a specific odorant receptor (OR) always appear in the same antennal location and the axons of OSNs expressing the same OR converge on the same antennal lobe glomeruli. Although some transcription factors have been implicated in a combinatorial code specifying OR expression and OSN identity, it is clear other players remain unidentified. In hopes of mitigating the challenges of genome-wide screening, we examined the feasibility of a two-tiered approach comprising a primary "pooling" screen for miRNAs whose tissue-specific over-expression causes a phenotype of interest followed by a focused secondary screen using gene-specific RNAi. Since miRNAs down-regulate their targets, miRNA over-expression phenotypes should be attributable to target loss-of-function. It is the sequence-dependence of miRNA-target pairing that suggests candidates for the secondary screen. Since miRNAs are short, however, miRNA misexpression will likely uncover non-biological miRNA-target relationships. Rather than focusing on miRNA function itself where these non-biological relationships could be misleading, we propose using miRNAs as tools to focus a more traditional RNAi-based screen. Here we describe such a screen that uncovers a role for Atf3 in the expression of the odorant receptor Or47b.
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Issue Date
2016-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

TARGET PREDICTIONS; MICRORNA TARGETS; ANTENNA; BIOGENESIS; LIBRARY; GROWTH

Citation

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.6

ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
10.1038/srep20109
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/202307
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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