Local Fracture Toughness of Si3N4 Ceramics Measured using Single-Edge Notched Microcantilever Beam Specimens

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Local fracture toughness gives us useful and important information to understand and improve mechanical properties of bulk ceramics. In this study, the local fracture toughness of silicon nitride (Si3N4) ceramics was directly measured using single-edge notched microcantilever beam specimens prepared by the focused ion beam technique. The measured fracture toughness of grain boundary of the Si3N4 ceramics is higher than the fracture toughness of SiAlON glass, which exists in the grain boundaries of Si3N4 ceramics. It is also shown that the fracture toughness of grain boundary depends on the rare earth oxide added as a sintering aid, which is expected in terms of the difference in the grain-boundary structure. The fracture toughness of a single -Si3N4 grains is higher than the grain-boundary fracture toughness. It was also higher than the value estimated from ab initio calculations and surface energy, which means that any dissipative energy should be included in the fracture toughness of a grain in spite of the brittle fracture in Si3N4. The fracture toughness of polycrystals of Si3N4 ceramics measured using single-edge notched microcantilever beam specimens is intermediate between those of grains and grain boundaries, and it agrees with the estimated initial value of the Rcurve, K-I0, in Si3N4 ceramics.
Publisher
WILEY-BLACKWELL
Issue Date
2015-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

SILICON-NITRIDE CERAMICS; CRACK-GROWTH-BEHAVIOR; 0001 TWIST BOUNDARY; OXYNITRIDE GLASSES; POLYCRYSTALLINE CERAMICS; MICROSTRUCTURAL DESIGN; SURFACE CRACK; ADDITIVES; ALUMINA; ALPHA-SI3N4

Citation

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, v.98, no.3, pp.965 - 971

ISSN
0002-7820
DOI
10.1111/jace.13391
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/198240
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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