Quantization noise suppression techniques in delta-sigma frequency synthesizers and emi reduction techniques using spread-spectrum = 델타-시그마 주파수 합성기에서 양자화 잡음 억제 기술 및 분산 스펙트럼을 이용한 EMI 감소 기술

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Frequency synthesizer is utilized to provide a local oscillator (LO) frequencies in wireless transceiver system. Among the many performance parameters of frequency synthesizers, the phase noise and spur are the most important factors that determine the spectral purity. Since the spectral purity often characterizes the performance of the overall wireless communication system such as sensitivity in the receiver and spectral mask compliance in the transmitter, aggressive approaches to mitigate the issues on the phase noise and spur are required. This dissertation addresses the severe degradation of phase noise characteristics due to the quantization noise in fractional-N synthesis and the source of spur emission particularly upon the electromagnetic interference (EMI) in SoC system. Considering first the quantization noise in $\Delta\Sigma$ frequency synthesizer, it aggravates the out-of-band phase noise performance due to its high-pass noise shaping characteristic. In order to alleviate this issue, three distinct solutions are addressed; i.e. I. An area efficient high order discrete-time loop filter, II. Glitch-free low-supply 0.5 step fractional frequency divider, and III. Fast and power-efficient gain calibration algorithm for quantization noise-cancelling DAC. In addition, the EMI from the digital circuit in SoC is prone to turn into a single tone frequency, and consequently threatens the reliability of data processing in an RF/analog circuit, especially the spur in wireless transceiver system. In order to suppress the EMI, a spread-spectrum clock generator (SSCG) with a delay-based direct digital phase modulation (DDPM) method is proposed. The proposed SSCG relieves the radiated EMI power level in a given bandwidth by decentralizing the concentrated spectrum using a continuous non-linear up/down modulation; i.e. Hershey-Kisses profile.
Lee, Sang-Gugresearcher이상국
한국과학기술원 : 전기및전자공학과,
Issue Date
568569/325007  / 020085377

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 전기및전자공학과, 2014.2, [ 96 p. ]


Frequency synthesizer; 분산 스펙트럼; 전자기 간섭; 양자화 잡음; 델타-시그마 모듈레이터; 주파수 합성기; DSM; Quantization noise; EMI; spread spectrum

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