Compliant bipedal model with the center of pressure excursion associated with oscillatory behavior of the center of mass reproduces the human gait dynamics

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Although the compliant bipedal model could reproduce qualitative ground reaction force (GRF) of human walking, the model with a fixed pivot showed overestimations in stance leg rotation and the ratio of horizontal to vertical GRF. The human walking data showed a continuous forward progression of the center of pressure (CoP) during the stance phase and the suspension of the CoP near the forefoot before the onset of step transition. To better describe human gait dynamics with a minimal expense of model complexity, we proposed a compliant bipedal model with the accelerated pivot which associated the CoP excursion with the oscillatory behavior of the center of mass (CoM) with the existing simulation parameter and leg stiffness. Owing to the pivot acceleration defined to emulate human CoP profile, the arrival of the CoP at the limit of the stance foot over the single stance duration initiated the step-to-step transition. The proposed model showed an improved match of walking data. As the forward motion of CoM during single stance was partly accounted by forward pivot translation, the previously overestimated rotation of the stance leg was reduced and the corresponding horizontal GRF became closer to human data. The walking solutions of the model ranged over higher speed ranges (similar to 1.7 m/s) than those of the fixed pivoted compliant bipedal model (similar to 1.5 m/s) and exhibited other gait parameters, such as touchdown angle, step length and step frequency, comparable to the experimental observations. The good matches between the model and experimental GRF data imply that the continuous pivot acceleration associated with CoM oscillatory behavior could serve as a useful framework of bipedal model.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2014-01
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

MECHANICAL WORK; HUMAN WALKING; SPEED; DETERMINANTS; ENERGETICS; FREQUENCY; PREDICTS; ENERGY

Citation

JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, v.47, no.1, pp.223 - 229

ISSN
0021-9290
DOI
10.1016/j.jbiomech.2013.09.012
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/190110
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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