Three human chromosome loci (1q43, 10p12.31, and 12q21.31) were recently associated with the susceptibility to primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in a Japanese population; however, this was not replicated in three subsequent studies using South Indian, Afro-Caribbean, and Chinese populations. To identify genetic markers that are robustly associated across ethnic populations, numerous markers in addition to the six in the three reported loci were examined in this study. A total of 31 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers were genotyped for 1115 Korean participants, and many neighboring SNPs were imputed using the Korean HapMap Project genotype data. Each SNP was statistically tested for association with POAG susceptibility by comparisons among 211 POAG patients with 904 unaffected controls. A strong and statistically significant association was found with a previously unreported SNP, rs7098387 (odds ratio, OR = 2.0 (1.4-3.0), P = 0.00038) at the 10p12.31 locus (where 11 SNPs were typed and 38 imputed) in contrast to the reported rs7081455, which was too poorly correlated with newly associated rs7098387 (r(2) = 0.003, D' = 0.40) to show association. Additionally, a modest association was observed with the reported rs693421 (OR = 1.4 (1.1-1.7), P = 0.0082) and several other SNPs located within and around ZP4 at the 1q43 locus (10 SNPs typed and 14 imputed). However, no association was observed with the reported rs7961953 SNP or any other SNPs at the 12q21.31 locus, upstream of TMTC2 (10 SNPs typed and 29 imputed). Accordingly, POAG susceptibility association was replicated using rs7098387 (C) rather than rs7081455 (T) at the 10p12.31 locus and additionally with rs693421 (T) at the 1q43 locus.