정전분무에 의한 고점성 액체의 액적 생성 특성에 관한 실험적 연구An Experimental Study on Characteristics of Droplet Generation by Electrospraying for Highly Viscous Liquids

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Generation characteristics of electrospray droplets for highly viscous liquid have been investigated by measuring size distributions of droplets emitted from the Taylor cone using glycerol solutions with various conductivities. Because of very small volatility of glycerol, droplet sizes can be measured by an aerodynamic size spectrometer (TSI Aerosizer DSP) with negligible evaporation of droplets. For highly conducting and viscous liquid, the sizes of the droplets electrosprayed from the Taylor cone are found to be relatively insensitive to applied voltages and the electrosprays assisted by the corona discharge call produce monodisperse droplets as long as the corona intensity is not too high. Near the minimum flow rate where a liquid cone is stable, the spray tends to consist of a one -peak monodisperse distribution of drop lets. However, at high flow rates, the spray bifurcates into bimodal distributions, which are consistent with the result of the previous study for less viscous liquids than our liquids. For liquid flow rates (Q) below 1 nl/s, the measured droplet diameters by the aerosizer are in the range of 0.30 to 1.2μm for the glycerol solutions. The diameters of monodisperse droplets scale approximately with r*=(Qτ)⅓ where r* is a characteristic length τ and is the electrical relaxation time of the fluid. However, when compared with several represe ntative scaling laws, the droplet diameters are two to six factors greater than those predicted by the scaling laws. This may be closely related to the combined effect of the much higher viscosity and the electrical charge on the jet breakup of glycerol so solution.
Publisher
대한기계학회
Issue Date
2002-04
Language
Korean
Citation

대한기계학회논문집 B, v.26, no.4, pp.604 - 613

ISSN
1226-4881
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/15601
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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