The objective of this study is to examine the effect of frost damage immediately after placement on compressive strength of concrete. Obviously frost damage produced under low curing temperature at early ages causes the loss of compressive strength of concrete. In order to find the degrees of the loss of compressive strength, compressive strength tests was peformed at 7 and 28-day ages on concrete specimen with various curing temperature history. The results from the tests showed that the loss of compressive strength relative to concrete cured under isothermal temperature at was generally from 20 to 50% for 7-day ages and below 20% for 28 day ages. Considering the serious loss of compressive strength over 50% for some cases, careful attention may be needed to placing of concrete under low atmospheric temperature.