High-strength bolt-forming of fine-grained aluminum alloy 6061 with a continuous hybrid process

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It is well known that the development of a continuous manufacturing process to apply severe plastic deformation (SPD) is a major challenge for industrial usages to improve the mechanical properties of the material through grain refinement. In this study, fine-grained AA6061-O wire was manufactured by a two-pass hybrid process consisting of drawing, equal channel angular pressing and rolling in a continuous manner to investigate the effects of processing routes for two different routes. A and C, on the variation of ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and micro-hardness distribution. The UTS value (185 MPa) of the specimen processed by the two-pass hybrid process with route A was higher than that of 171 MPa obtained from the two-pass wire-drawing process and was equivalent to the level of 184 MPa processed by the three-pass wire-drawing process. The average micro-hardness value (Hv 58.0) obtained from the two-pass hybrid process through route C was the highest among all the cases. According to transmission electron microscopy, the original grain was subdivided and elongated owing to deformation during the processes. The specimen processed by the two-pass hybrid process through route C showed smaller deformation bands and had potentially higher angle grain boundaries compared to the specimen processed by the two-pass wire-drawing process. Finally, the high-strength bolt was manufactured using the fine-grained AA6061-O wire prepared by the continuous hybrid process to check its formability. A ductile fracture at the first thread right above the jaw was observed in the bolt tension test of the manufactured bolt. The average micro-hardness value (Hv 56.1) obtained from the bolt manufactured with the specimen produced by the two-pass hybrid process through route C was higher than the one of Hv 50.5 obtained from the two-pass wire-drawing. It is demonstrated that the hybrid process might be useful in producing the grain-refined wire in a continuous process to manufacture high-strength bolts for practical applications. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Issue Date
2012-08
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

SEVERE PLASTIC-DEFORMATION; CHANNEL ANGULAR EXTRUSION; ROOM-TEMPERATURE; MICROSTRUCTURE; ECAP; SHEAR; AL; EVOLUTION; STRIP

Citation

MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, v.552, pp.316 - 322

ISSN
0921-5093
DOI
10.1016/j.msea.2012.05.046
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/102602
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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