The Tests of 1 kW(e) Diesel Reformer and Solid Oxide Fuel Cell System

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The high temperatures required to operate solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) allow for internal reforming of hydrocarbon fuels over a Ni-based anode. With their capability of being fuel flexible, SOFCs have operated under a wide range of fuels including diesel as examined in this study. But in order to reduce high possibilities of deposit formation in diesel internal reforming, additional external reforming technology was used for our system. The final goal of this research is to develop 1 kW(e) diesel-powered SOFC systems for residential power generation. Before constructing a complete 1 kW(e) SOFC system, a series of durability experiments were conducted on individual components of the system including the fuel reformer and stack. After testing the full-scale 1 kW(e) diesel reformer, deposit formation was visible within the catalyst and on the surface of the reactor head, which seriously degraded the performance. With several individual components tested, the construction of one-box type 1 kW(e) SOFC system is in progress. In a preliminary six-cell stack test using sulfur-free synthetic diesel, the system initially showed an output power of similar to 110 kW(e) at a 0.8 V average cell potential. However, there was a significant drop off in output power after a few hours of operation, which was likely caused by severe deposit formation on the SOFC stack. Light hydrocarbons such as ethylene and/or "less reformed" heavier hydrocarbons caused by gas reactions under the incomplete fuel mixing upstream of the catalyst were likely responsible for the deposit formation.
Publisher
ASME-AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENG
Issue Date
2010-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

NATURAL-GAS; HYDROGEN GENERATION; PERFORMANCE; DELIVERY; ETHYLENE

Citation

JOURNAL OF FUEL CELL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v.7, no.3

ISSN
1550-624X
DOI
10.1115/1.3207875
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/100174
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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