Hydrogen fermentation of food waste without inoculum addition

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A novel batch process that produces H(2) Without inoculum addition was devised based on two facts: (1) the abundant indigenous microflora found within organic solid wastes and (2) batch H(2) production completion times being in the same range with hydraulic retention times at continuous processes. Food waste Successfully served not only as a substrate but also as a Source of H(2)-producing microflora when heat (90 degrees C for 20 min), acid (pH 1.0 for 1 d), or alkali (pH 13.0 for 1 d) treatment was applied. Among the three pretreatments, the heat treatment showed the best performance. The role of the pretreatment was the selection of microbial population rather than the enhancement of hydrolysis. Polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis showed that lactic acid bacteria were the most abundant species in untreated food waste while H(2)-producing bacteria were dominant in the pretreated food wastes. The increase of pretreatment temperature depressed the lactate production while increased the H(2)/butyrate production. Repeated batch operation performances were impressive and reliable, achieving a very high H(2) yield of 2.05 mol H(2)/mol hexose(consumed) with a margin of 17% error. As this invented method is simpler than those of existing continuous systems, and does not require a Start-up period, this method is thought to be practically applicable. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Issue Date
2009-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

AMPLIFIED POLYMORPHIC DNA; MUNICIPAL SOLID-WASTES; LACTIC-ACID BACTERIA; BIOHYDROGEN-PRODUCTION; ANAEROBIC FERMENTATION; SP-NOV.; THERMOPHILIC ACIDOGENESIS; METHANE PRODUCTION; ORGANIC WASTE; ENERGY

Citation

ENZYME AND MICROBIAL TECHNOLOGY, v.45, no.3, pp.181 - 187

ISSN
0141-0229
DOI
10.1016/j.enzmictec.2009.06.013
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/97808
Appears in Collection
CE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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