Full-f gyrokinetic particle simulation of centrally heated global ITG turbulence from magnetic axis to edge pedestal top in a realistic tokamak geometry

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Global electrostatic ITG turbulence physics, together with background dynamics, has been simulated in a realistic tokamak core geometry using XGC1, a full-function 5D gyrokinetic particle code. An adiabatic electron model has been used. Some verification exercises of XGC1 have been presented. The simulation volume extends from the magnetic axis to the pedestal top inside the magnetic separatrix. Central heating is applied, and a number, momentum and energy conserving linearized Monte Carlo Coulomb collision is used. In the turbulent region, the ion temperature gradient profile self-organizes globally around R/L(T) = (Rd log T/dr = major radius on the magnetic axis/temperature gradient length) similar or equal to 6.5-7, which is somewhat above the conventional nonlinear criticality of similar or equal to 6. The self-organized ion temperature gradient profile is approximately stiff against variation of heat source magnitude. Results indicate that the relaxation to a self-organized state proceeds in two phases, namely, a transient phase of excessively bursty transport followed by a 1/f avalanching phase. The bursty types of behaviour are allowed by the quasi-periodic collapse of local E x B shearing barriers.
Publisher
INT ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY
Issue Date
2009-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

ION THERMAL-CONDUCTIVITY; FINITE-ASPECT RATIO; NEOCLASSICAL TRANSPORT; DRIVEN TURBULENCE; ZONAL FLOWS; PLASMA; MODES; CONFINEMENT; VARIABLES; DYNAMICS

Citation

NUCLEAR FUSION, v.49, no.11

ISSN
0029-5515
DOI
10.1088/0029-5515/49/11/115021
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/97031
Appears in Collection
PH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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