The 5-upstream region of the rat phospholipase C-beta 3 gene contains two critical Sp1 sites and an HIV Inr-like element

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The 5'-upstream region of the rat phospholipase C-beta 3 gene (PLC-beta 3) has been cloned and characterized. Sequence analysis of the 5'-upstream region showed that it contains a GC-rich region (-166 to +1:79%) and multiple binding sites for the transcription factors Sp1, AP-1 and AP-2, but does not contain a canonical TATA box. Primer extension analysis of total RNA isolated from rat glial cell C6Bu1 revealed that single transcription start point (tsp) is located at an initiator (Inr) element similar to that found in the HIV promoter. Gel mobility shift and competitive mobility shift assays indicated that this Inr element forms a DNA-protein complex with the HIV Inr-binding protein, LBP-1/CP2 or a homologue. In order to localize functional elements of the 5'-upstream region of the rat PLC-beta 3 gene, 5'-deletion fragments were cloned into a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter vector. Transient transfection analyses of the 5'-deletion mutants identified a crucial promoter element located at -128 to -14. Supershift mobility assays, site-directed mutagenesis and DNase I footprints indicated that Spl binds to three GC boxes within the sequence between -128 and -14 of the PLC-beta 3 promoter. Transient transfection analyses of promoter constructs containing site-specific mutation(s) of these three GC boxes demonstrated that two GC boxes, located proximal to the tsp, are important elements for normal promoter activity. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Issue Date
1997-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

BOX-BINDING-PROTEINS; RNA POLYMERASE-II; C BETA-3 GENE; TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS; INITIATOR SEQUENCE; PROMOTER ACTIVITY; RECEPTOR GENE; CLONING; EXPRESSION; FAMILY

Citation

GENE, v.197, no.1-2, pp.19 - 28

ISSN
0378-1119
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/77582
Appears in Collection
MSE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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