A comparative study of managerial features between public and private R D organizations in Korea: managerial and policy implications for public R D organizations

Cited 7 time in webofscience Cited 0 time in scopus
  • Hit : 762
  • Download : 162
Over the past several years, it has been pointed out that public research institutes are less productive than private ones; moreover, they need to clarify their roles in the development of Korea's national system of innovation. With a view to identifying the causes of problems in public R&D activities, this study examines three pairs of government-sponsored research institutes (GSRIs) and private R&D organizations in Korea; it compares their strategic goals, the roles of their top managers, their organizational characteristics, and the attitudes of individual researchers. The results, based on responses from 570 R&D managers and professionals in both sectors, reveal the following: compared with private R&D organizations, GSRIs 1) have relatively less dear strategic goals and R&D objectives; 2) their R&D activities are very broad and not well focused; 3) their top management plays a biased external role in order to gain institutional legitimacy; 4) their organizational structure tends to be more decentralized but less flexible; 5) their R&D work climates exhibit higher autonomy, cohesiveness, work-pressure, and risk-taking propensity, but display lower customer-orientation and less fairness in a reward system; and 6) the researchers are dissatisfied with their jobs and organizational incentive systems, and also less committed to the organization. As an attempt to understand the root causes of the salient features of GSRIs, this study further explores the impacts of external environments over the period of their development, including the government Science and Technology policy, the national project funding and accounting systems, and institutional regulations, on their internal management systems. Findings of distinctive managerial features of GSRIs and their relationships with external environments suggest several managerial and policy implications for designing more effective R&D management systems of GSRIs in Korea.
Publisher
INDERSCIENCE ENTERPRISES LTD
Issue Date
1999
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

INNOVATION; PERFORMANCE; CLIMATE; CONTEXT; COMMITMENT; ROLES

Citation

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT, v.17, no.3, pp.281 - 311

ISSN
0267-5730
DOI
10.1504/IJTM.1999.002717
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/3806
Appears in Collection
MT-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
This item is cited by other documents in WoS
⊙ Detail Information in WoSⓡ Click to see webofscience_button
⊙ Cited 7 items in WoS Click to see citing articles in records_button

qr_code

  • mendeley

    citeulike


rss_1.0 rss_2.0 atom_1.0