Ab initio studies of defect formation energies and atomic relaxations in semiconductor using supercell method = 수퍼셀 방법을 이용한 반도체 결함의 형성에너지와 구조 완화의 계산 및 이론적 연구

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Density-functional theory combined with periodic boundary conditions is used to systematically study the dependence of defect formation energy on supercell size for diamond containing vacancy and self-interstitial defects. We investigate the effect of the electrostatic energy due to the neutralization of charged supercells and the effect of the alignment of the valence band maximum (VBM) on the formation energy. For negatively charged vacancies and positively charged interstitials, the formation energies show a clear dependence on supercell size, and the electrostatic corrections agree with the trend given by the Makov-Payne scheme[281. For positively charged vacancies and negatively charged interstitials, the size dependence and the electrostatic corrections are quite weak. An analysis of the spatial charge density distributions reveals that these large variations in electrostatic terms with defect type originate from differences in the screening of the defect-localized charge, as explained by using a simple electron-gas model. Several VBM alignment schemes are also tested. The best agreement between the calculated and asymptotically exact ionization levels is obtained when the levels are based on the formation energies referenced to the VBM of the defect-containing supercell. Secondly, the Brillouin-zone (BZ) sampling error in the formation energy and atomic structure were investigated for vacancy and interstitial defects in diamond and silicon. It has been generally believed that, if the system sizes are similar or the same, the systematic error induced by use of too small a k-point set will cancel out. However, we found that the k-point sampling errors in the total energy varied considerably depending on the charge state and defect type without systematic cancellation, even for the same size of supercell. The error in the total energy increased with decreasing electronic perturbation of the defect system relative to the perfect bulk; this effect originates ...
Advisors
Lee, Eok-Kyunresearcher이억균researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 화학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2005
Identifier
244514/325007  / 020015160
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 화학과, 2005.2, [ xi, 63 p. ]

Keywords

Density-functional theory formation energy defect charge; 밀도범함수 형성에너지 결함 전하

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/31641
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=244514&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CH-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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