Influence of the start-up rate on the electrochemical impedance of a low-temperature solid oxide fuel cell fabricated by reactive sputtering

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Low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells were heated from room temperature to an operating temperature of 450 degrees C. The start-up heating rate was controlled at three levels (10 K min(-1), 30 K min(-1), and 50 K min(-1)). For as-fabricated single cells, greater grain growth of the yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte and cathode platinum cluster growth were observed with an increasing start-up heating rate. As a result, the faradaic areaspecific resistance (ASR) significantly increased, and the performance of the cell decreased due to the sluggish oxygen reduction reaction originating from the loss of the reaction sites. However, after preannealing the single cells at 400 degrees C for 2 h prior to start-up, the change in grain size and faradaic ASR varied with the start-up heating rate was well suppressed by the enhanced interfacial stability between the electrolyte and cathode. The single cell samples for the experiments are composed of Pt-YSZ-Pt thin films supported on nanoporous anodic aluminum oxides.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Issue Date
2019-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

THIN SOLID FILMS, v.689, pp.137445

ISSN
0040-6090
DOI
10.1016/j.tsf.2019.137445
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/267729
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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