Dynamics of a Longitudinally Forced, Bluff Body Stabilized Flame

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This paper describes an investigation of the response of bluff body stabilized flames to harmonic oscillations. This problem involves two key elements: the excitation of hydrodynamic flow instabilities by acoustic waves, and the response of the flame to these harmonic flow instabilities. In the present work, data were obtained with inlet temperatures from 297 to 870 K and flow velocities from 38 to 170 m/s. These data show that the flame-front response at the acoustic forcing frequency first increases linearly with downstream distance, then peaks and decays. The corresponding phase decreases linearly with axial distance, showing that wrinkles on the flame propagate with a nearly constant convection velocity. These results are compared with those obtained from a theoretical solution of the G-equation excited by a harmonically oscillating, convecting disturbance. This kinematic model shows that the key processes controlling the response are 1) the anchoring of the flame at the bluff body, 2) the excitation of flame-front wrinkles by the oscillating velocity, 3) interference of wrinkles on the flame front, and 4) flame propagation normal to itself at the local flame speed. The first two processes control the growth of the flame response and the last two processes control the axial decrease observed farther downstream. These predictions are shown to describe many of the key features of the measured flame response characteristics.
Publisher
AMER INST AERONAUT ASTRONAUT
Issue Date
2011-01
Language
English
Article Type
Article; Proceedings Paper
Citation

JOURNAL OF PROPULSION AND POWER, v.27, no.1, pp.105 - 116

ISSN
0748-4658
DOI
10.2514/1.48056
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/264253
Appears in Collection
RIMS Journal Papers
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