Numerical Study on Density Gradient Carbon–Carbon Composite for Vertical Launching System

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This study presents new carbon–carbon (C/C) composite that has a density gradient within single material, and estimates its heat conduction performance by a numerical method. To address the high heat conduction of a high-density C/C, which can cause adhesion separation in the steel structures of vertical launching systems, density gradient carbon–carbon (DGCC) composite is proposed due to its exhibiting low thermal conductivity as well as excellent ablative resistance. DGCC is manufactured by hybridizing two different carbonization processes into a single carbon preform. One part exhibits a low density using phenolic resin carbonization to reduce heat conduction, and the other exhibits a high density using thermal gradient-chemical vapor infiltration for excellent ablative resistance. Numerical analysis for DGCC is performed with a heat conduction problem, and internal temperature distributions are estimated by the forward finite difference method. Material properties of the transition density layer, which is inevitably formed during DGCC manufacturing, are assumed to a combination of two density layers for numerical analysis. By comparing numerical results with experimental data, we validate that DGCC exhibits a low thermal conductivity, and it can serve as highly effective ablative material for vertical launching systems. © 2018, The Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.
Publisher
SPRINGER
Issue Date
2018-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, v.19, no.1, pp.72 - 79

ISSN
2093-274X
DOI
10.1007/s42405-018-0019-1
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/248787
Appears in Collection
AE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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